Book of Judges Chapter Ten 
(Part One)

Introduction: A key idea in the book of Judges is that God blesses obedience and punishes disobedience.Today, we hope to discuss the Judgeships of Tola(Toh’-la) and Jair (Ja’-eer).

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Read Judges 10:1-2

G. Tola’s Judgeship. Tola rose to save Israel, after Abimelech’s time. He led Israel for 23 years and died. He was buried in Shamir.

Applications –

- Temporary leaders. Notice in vs. 1 that judges/leaders come and go. In like manner, human leaders today come and go. Some stay for a long time, while others stay for a short time. Some do great things, and others seem to simply maintain.

On the other hand, God stays with His people. Therefore, we should make sure that our faithfulness is unto the Lord and not unto the temporary people who sit in the seat of leadership.

The followership that we give should be our expression of trusting God, who allows the person to sit in the seat, not just our affection for the temporary officer sitting in the office.

Let’s make sure that we follow leadership because of God and not just because of the person. A great test of how well we have mastered this application is how well we serve under a new leader, especially one who is quite different than the one you admired.

- Death preparation. Notice in vss. 2, 5 that the leaders died. In like manner, we all have a date with death. We should make sure that we are ready for our date with death, by making sure that we are saved, focusing our life on living in obedience to God, and having our death affairs in order (e.g., life insurance, will, and living will).

If we have some unresolved relational issues, we should give serious effort to making things right. Let’s make sure that we are ready for our date with death.

Read Judges 10:3-5

H. Jair’s Judgeship. Jair led Israel after Tola’s time. He was known for having 30 sons who controlled 30 towns. He died and was buried in Kamon.

Applications –

- Wealth and influence. Notice in vs. 4 that the leader had 30 sons and each son rode a donkey and controlled a town. To have 30 sons was a symbol of great wealth.

To ride a donkey in the text is something like riding a Mercedes Benz today. And for a family to control 30 towns meant the family had a great deal of influence.

As in the text, there is nothing wrong with wealth and influence. The problem comes when we make our wealth and influence idols to worship. God can use our wealth and influence for His glory, if we allow Him to.

Let’s work on allowing God to use all that we have for His honor and His glory.

Read Judges 10:6-7

I. Ammonite Oppression and Jephthah’s (Jef’-tha) Deliverance. The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord. They forsook the Lord and followed after idols. God became angry and sold them to the Philistines and Ammonites.

Applications –

- Forsaking the Lord. Notice in vs. 6 that after all that God had done for the people, they still did evil in His eyes. They forsook Him and served the local idols.

First, as in the text, God has been so good to each of us. No matter what we are going through, it could have been worse, and it is going to get better, for all of those who are saved.

Second, we should not be like those in the text who forsook the Lord and served idols. Because of God’s goodness and to prevent His punishment, we should be faithful to Him. Idols cannot help us.

Third, think about how if the local people had been destroyed as God instructed, God’s people would not have had an opportunity to worship the local idols.

Things go so much better when we obey God, even when we don’t understand why God want us to do certain things. Let’s work on being faithful to God, instead of forsaking Him to serve idols.

- God’s anger. Notice in vs. 7 that God is known for doing something about His anger. He doesn’t simply waddle in negative emotions; He takes action.

First, we should strive to live obedient lives, so we can please God, instead of anger Him. At the core of God’s will for our lives are the issues of making sure that we are saved by our faith in Jesus and that we are focused on loving God and others, as we love ourselves.

Second, it is good to know that those who anger God by mistreating us will be dealt with, by God. When we are kind to people who are mean to us, we are not being foolish, nor are we letting them off of the hook.

We are actually putting them in the hands of God. Let’s work on pleasing God and trusting Him to handle those who waddle in sin.

Conclusion: Let’s work on being obedient, instead of disobedient. God has much for those who obey His will.

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